Kyrgyzstan: Revolution Revisited
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Chart the course of reform in post-revolution Kyrgyzstan

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April 12, 2006 - Attack on NGO Activist

Edil Baisalov, head of the Coalition for Democracy and Civil Society, and one of the organizers of the April 8 demonstrations against organized crime and corruption, is attacked by an unknown assailant in Bishkek. He is hospitalized with a head injury. In the weeks preceding the attack, Baisalov openly criticized the authorities and their tolerance of suspected criminal kingpin Ryspek Akmatbayev's parliamentary ambitions.

From the Archives: Assassination Attempt In Kyrgyzstan Underscores Slide Toward Instability
April 19, 2006 - Price Hike for US Base

President Bakiyev announces that Kyrgyzstan may revoke the 2001 bilateral agreement allowing US-led coalition forces to use the Manas air base unless negotiations on terms for its use are completed by June 1. Kyrgyzstan demands a $200 million yearly lease - a hundredfold increase. US officials later say that they are willing to pay more for access to Manas, but do not specify an amount.

April 29, 2006 - Protestors Demand Reforms

In the largest rally since March 24, 2005, several thousand demonstrators gather on Bishkek's central square to demand that the government carry out promised reforms. President Bakiyev and Prime Minister Kulov speak briefly to the crowd, but say that the changes requested - including constitutional reform -- need time. Protesters promise to hold another rally on May 27 if the authorities do not meet their demands.

From the Archives:
Kyrgyz Government Wants Peace with Protesters
May 2, 2006 - Cabinet Resigns

Thirteen Kyrgyz cabinet members submit their resignations after parliament rates their work "unsatisfactory." Prime Minister Kulov, who received a positive rating, does not resign, though media reports indicate that he had considered it. President Bakiyev refuses to accept any of the resignations. Under the current Constitution, the parliament's assessment has no legal effect; the ministers say they submitted their resignations "for the sake of our good name, honor, and dignity."
May 10 - Ryspeck Akmatbayev Shot

Alleged criminal boss Ryspek Akmatbayev is reportedly shot dead in front of a mosque near Bishkek. Earlier that day, an appeals court was hearing the charges brought against Akmatbayev. On May 11, a group of protesters block the only road linking the Kyrgyz capital with the country's largest resort, Lake Issyk-Kul. They demand the dismissal of Prime Minister Feliks Kulov and deputy Interior Minister Omurbek Suvanaliyev. The roadblock is lifted on May 12, but rallies continue.

From the Archives:
Crime Boss Murder And Government Shake-Up Impact Kyrgyzstan's Political Scene
May 10 - Bakiyev Meets Opposition's Demands; Cabinet Shake-up

In response to the opposition's April 29 demands, President Bakiyev re-shuffles the government. Secretary of State Dastan Sarygulov and Chairman of the National Security Service Tashtemir Aitbayev are dismissed. Chief of the Presidential Administration Usen Sydykov is appointed State Chancellor. Bakiyev says he will seek the law-makers' approval of the new Cabinet in autumn, after the traditional parliamentary vacation. The opposition leaders respond with the statement that Cabinet shake-up was not their main demand. Omurbek Tekebayev says, "The May 27 rally will take place under any circumstances."

From the Archives:
Crime Boss Murder And Government Shake-Up Impact Kyrgyzstan's Political Scene
May 12, 2006 - Gunmen Invade Southern Kyrgyzstan

Fighting erupts on Tajik-Kyrgyz border, as gunmen invade Kyrgyzstan, having raided a Tajik border post and seized weapons. At least five Kyrgyz citizens, including a customs officer and a civilian, are killed. Kyrgyz soldiers kill four members of the group, capturing a fifth. The attackers were reportedly linked to a radical group, the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan. Kyrgyz security forces are combing the area for possible other members of the group.

From the Archives:
Central Asia: Fighting Erupts on Tajik-Kyrgyz Border
July 14, 2006 - US Stays in Manas Base

Amidst speculation about Kyrgyzstan's relations with the US, Washington agrees to pay $20 million per year for the lease of a military base outside of Bishkek. The payments make up part of a $150 million aid package to be paid to the Central Asian state in 2006-2007.

From the Archives:
US-Kyrgyz Relations Back on Solid Ground - But For How Long?
August 7, 2006 - Security Forces Kill Mullah

Muhammadrafiq Kamalov, an outspoken ethnic Uzbek critic of the radical sect Hizb-ut Tahir who allowed sect members to worship at his mosque in Kara-Suu, is gunned down by Kyrgyz and Uzbek security forces in a raid against suspected members of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, a terrorist group. The act sparks widespread outcry in southern Kyrgyzstan against the government and its treatment of minority Uzbeks and suspected Islamic radicals.

From the Archives:
Human Rights Groups Wary of Rise in Kyrgyz-Uzbek Security Cooperation
August 9, 2006 - Andijon Refugees Deported

Described by Kyrgyz General Kambaraly Kongantiyev as "criminals" and "murderers," four Uzbek refugees and one asylum seeker are repatriated to Uzbekistan for alleged involvement in the May 2005 uprising in the Uzbek town of Andijon. The United Nations condemns the decision and later announces that it is considering moving remaining refugees from southern Kyrgyzstan after the disappearance of four Uzbek asylum seekers and one opposition member in the town of Osh.

September 6, 2006 - Opposition Leader Arrested

The arrest of outspoken opposition leader and former parliamentary speaker Omurbek Tekebayev in Warsaw on charges of heroin possession sparks fresh debate about political pluralism in Kyrgyzstan after the 2005 uprising. Tekebayev is released after two days in custody. Prime Minister Feliks Kulov and opposition members alike insist that the drugs were planted on the parliamentarian. Fingers are pointed at the National Security Service. In response, the Serviceas director and deputy director (brother of President Bakiyev) resign.

From the Archives:
Scandal Sparks New Round of Confrontation Between President and Parliament in Kyrgyzstan
November 9, 2006 - New Constitution Signed

After a week of vociferous opposition protests in Bishkek, the largest since the 2005 Tulip Revolution, President Bakiyev signs a new constitution that establishes greater balance between the Kyrgyz government's executive and legislative branches. The constitution, a compromise document rapidly cobbled together to restore stability, gives parliament's majority party the right to choose government ministers and expands the legislature from 75 to 90 members. Parliament also gains control over the National Security Service, previously implicated in a scandal involving Bakiyev's brother, the agency's deputy director.

From the Archives:
New Constitution Comes Into Force in Kyrgyzstan
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