An exiled opposition leader says cuts to basic utilities signal that Turkmenistan’s economy needs drastic reforms.
In a letter to President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov, Vyacheslav Mamedov, chairman of the Netherlands-based Democratic Civic Union of Turkmenistan, says that water shortages in the Caspian port town of Turkmenbashi and other areas of western Turkmenistan have become "critical.”
“The situation is worsening,” Mamedov wrote in the message, which was published by the Vienna-based Chronicles of Turkmenistan website on October 9.
"No less acute is the situation with heating in towns and settlements in western Turkmenistan. In Turkmenbashi, 14 of 15 schools have no heating at all," Mamedov wrote. "Not only private houses but also 15 nurseries and hospitals have been cut off from centralized heating."
Mamedov blamed Berdymukhamedov and his predecessor, Saparmurat Niyazov, for the problems, noting that the first president’s draconian control over political and economic life had led many professionals to flee. Niyazov compounded the problem when he closed vocational colleges, creating a pressing shortage of qualified specialists.
Though Berdymukhamedov has expanded education, the quality still leaves much to be desired. And the dictator has continued Niyazov’s policy of relying on foreign laborers.
Russian Pipe Metallurgical Company Supplies Pipes for Turkmenistan – China Pipeline
The Russian Pipe Metallurgical Company supplied large diameter pipes for the Central Asia -China international gas pipeline running from Turkmenistan to China, the company said on Saturday.
Rights activists are calling on Turkmenistan’s government to disclose information about a group of approximately 30 prisoners who have not been heard from for over 10 years.
As part of an OSCE human rights meeting in Warsaw on October 2, activists from the Civic Solidarity Platform, a coalition, and Virginia-based Crude Accountability launched the campaign, “Prove They Are Alive: The Disappeared in the Turkmen Prisons,” Fergana News reported.
On November 25, 2002, a lorry blocked President Saparmurat Niyazov's cortege in Ashgabat and unidentified people opened fire. Niyazov survived the attack and promptly rounded up opposition leaders and alleged critics, including former Foreign Minister Boris Shikhmuradov, who was reportedly planning to run for president. Members of the group were accused of conspiracy, forced to confess during a show trial, and handed long prison sentences. The New York Times characterized the episode as “the most chilling public witch hunt since Stalin.”
The families of the jailed have been unable to obtain information about the fate of their loved ones for over a decade.
The editor-in-chief of the opposition-minded Gundogar website, Bayram Shikhmuradov, son of Boris Shikhmuradov, helped organize the initiative. He criticized Turkmen authorities and the OSCE Center in Ashgabat for failing to attend the hearings, Gundogar reported on October 3.
This month, at the 68th session of the UN General Assembly in New York, Turkmenistan took the opportunity to assert itself in world affairs, sending a delegation headed by Foreign Minister Rashid Meredov and calling for an expanded United Nations role in the world, and proposing that the remote country host fiv
Oil processing volumes grow in Turkmenistan
Since early 2013, the amount of crude oil provided in salable condition reached more than 4.4 million tons in the complex of oil refineries in Turkmenbashi, which is the largest enterprise in the country, the Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources of Turkmenistan reported. This reflects a production growth rate of 101.9 percent.